Types of Liver Cancer

Several types of primary liver cancer exist. According to the statistic metastatic malignant cancer cells in the  liver are more common in the US and Europe, whereas in Africa and Asia the liver is the primary site for liver cancer.

  • Primary Liver cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the liver.
  • Liver cancer is not common in the United States, but it is common in other parts of the world.
  • Being infected with certain types of the hepatitis virus can cause hepatitis and may lead to liver cancer.
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C

There is more than one type of primary liver cancer, and every type has a different etiology and risk factor. However, people often confuse primary liver cancer with secondary or metastatic liver cancer. Primary cancer of the liver starts in the liver. On the other hand, secondary cancer in the liver is cancer that has spread from other locations to the liver. The primary sites of secondary cancer in the liver could be the pancreas, colon, stomach, breast, or lungs. Benign tumors in the liver exist as well. They can grow and cause serious problems, although they do not invade nearby tissues and organs. Usually, these types of benign tumors are treated with surgery if such is needed.

Common Types of Liver Cancer

Rare Types of Liver Cancer


PDQ® Adult Treatment Editorial Board. PDQ Adult Primary Liver Cancer Treatment. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/liver/