Stomach Cancer 4 Stages
Stomach Cancer 4 Stages Treatment Options
Stomach cancer 4 stages define the type of the patient’s treatment. Hence, different types of treatments are available for patients with stomach cancer. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials.
Stomach Cancer 4 Stages Treatment
Treatment of stage I gastric cancer may include the following:
- Chemotherapy as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life.
- Targeted therapy with a monoclonal antibody with or without chemotherapy.
- Endoluminal laser therapy or endoluminal stent placement to relieve a blockage in the stomach, or gastrojejunostomy to bypass the blockage.
- Radiation therapy as palliative therapy to stop bleeding, relieve pain, or shrink a tumor that is blocking the stomach.
- Surgery as palliative therapy to stop bleeding or shrink a tumor that is blocking the stomach.
- A clinical trial of new combinations of chemotherapy as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life.
- A clinical trial of targeted therapy with a multikinase inhibitor.
- A clinical trial of surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC).
Today, when people are diagnosed with cancer, they usually receive the same treatment as others who have the same type and stage of cancer. Even so, different people may respond differently, and, until recently, doctors didn’t know why. After decades of research, scientists now understand that patients’ tumors have genetic changes that cause cancer to grow and spread. They have also learned that the changes that occur in one person’s cancer may not occur in others who have the same type of cancer. And, the same cancer-causing changes may be found in different types of cancer.
Precision medicine helps doctors select treatments that are most likely to help patients based on a genetic understanding of their disease. In Precision Medicine, patients that share the same genetic changes (mutations) receive the same medicine or treatment. Using those genetic changes, health care providers can provide more precise treatment is known as precision medicine.
Even though researchers are making progress every day, the precision medicine approach to cancer treatment is not yet part of routine care for most patients. Many new treatments designed to target a specific change are being tested right now in precision medicine clinical trials. Some clinical trials are accepting patients with specific types and stages of cancer. Others accept patients with a variety of cancer types and stages. However, to be eligible for precision medicine trials, the patient’s tumor must have a genetic change that can be targeted by a treatment that has been tested.r Treatment
If there is a targeted drug or other treatment approved for your type of cancer, the patient will likely be tested to see if the genetic change targeted by the treatment is present in his or her cancer. For instance, people with melanoma, some leukemias, and breast, lung, colon, and rectal cancers usually have their cancers tested for certain genetic changes when they are diagnosed. Since additional genetic changes that can drive cancer may occur over time, you might also have your cancer tested if it comes back or gets worse. If there is not an approved targeted treatment for your type of cancer, you still may be tested for genetic changes. For instance, your cancer may be tested to see if you can join a precision medicine clinical trial.
The information contained on this website is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any questions or concerns about your health, you should always consult a qualified healthcare professional. Cannabidiol (CBD) and other cannabis plant constituents should not be used as a substitute for conventional medical care. CBD and other cannabis plant constituents may interfere with medical treatment.
PDQ® Adult Treatment Editorial Board. PDQ Gastric Cancer Treatment. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Updated <06/05/2019>. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/stomach/patient/stomach-treatment-pdq. Accessed <12/12/2019>. [PMID: 26389328]