Public Health Prostate Cancer
Public health prostate cancer and recommendations from a public health point of view. We take preventive measures to decrease the risk of hosting cancer. The goal is to lower the number of new cases and also to decrease the number of deaths. All recommendations are based on scientifically proven information and are the results of many years of trials and observations. The guides aim to raise awareness among the population about the risk factors related to cancer, and the protective measures they must take. Yet, we cannot avoid all risks related to cancer. Some risks can be avoided and are easy to follow, but others are inherited and cannot be bypassed. For instance, a healthy diet, physical activities, alcohol abuse, and smoking are the choices we make. Whereas, genes we inherit are factors we cannot choose or avoid. However, following the recommendations lower the risk of getting cancer but does not mean you have immunity against cancer.
There are popular prevention strategies for prostate cancer. Some are similar to breast cancer prevention and are related to lifestyle. They include a high fiber diet, low-fat diet, physical activities, and normal body weight. Screening for prostate cancer consists of the yearly digital rectal exam starting at the age of 50. There is a blood test that can help detect prostate cancer and it is called prostate-specific antigen or PSA. You should discuss the cons and pros of this test with your health provider if you are between the age of 55 to 69. If you are African American or have a positive family history, you should discuss the screening strategies with your healthcare provider.