Liver cancer, liver anatomy, and function. The liver is a large gland located below the rib cage on the right side. The liver plays a crucial role in the body. It processes nutrients that have been absorbed by the intestine, makes blood clotting factors, secretes bile to help the body to absorb fats. The liver is a primary site for drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion.
The liver is the largest gland in the body and it weighs 1.5 kg and located under the diaphragm. The liver is composed of 2 lobes – Right and Left, separated by a ligament. Each lobe is composed of lobules where a small branch of the hepatic vein liver vein) goes through the center of the liver lobes. The liver has left and right bile ducts (pipe-like structures). Both the left and right duct join to form one common liver (hepatic) duct. The common hepatic duct joins the cystic duct to form the common bile duct. The common bile duct open in the duodenum (uppermost part of the small intestine, 25 cm). The cystic duct is a pipe-like connector. It connects the top of the gallbladder’s neck to the common hepatic duct. Then joins the common bile duct. The later meets the pancreatic duct (pancreas duct) before emptying into the duodenum.
The liver’s cells detoxify the toxic substances formed in the small intestine. The liver plays a major role in the metabolism of drugs, carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. In addition to storing vitamins and irons. The liver also destroys old blood cells