Liver Cancer Risk Factors
What are the liver cancer risk factors? The most important factors linked to liver cancer are chronic liver diseases. Chronic hepatitis B and C are the two major factors that contribute to liver cancer. These viral infections lead to scarring of the liver (cirrhosis). This damage of the liver is not reversible (chronic). This alteration leads to genetic damage in the liver cells, which increases the risk of liver cancer dramatically. In some parts of China and Taiwan hepatitis B is the risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma. In the US and Europe, hepatitis B and C contribute equally to hepatocellular carcinoma. In Japan, the cases of hepatocellular carcinoma are often linked to patients with hepatitis C. Other risk factors linked to liver cancer are exposure to aflatoxin, alcohol, and anabolic abuse.