Liver Cancer 4 Stages
Liver cancer 4 stages define the type of the patient’s treatment. Hence, different types of treatments are available for patients with liver cancer. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials.
Liver Cancer 4 Stages - Treatment Options for Adult Primary Liver Cancer Treatment
- Embolization therapy using one of the following methods:
- Targeted therapy with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
- Radiation therapy.
- A clinical trial of targeted therapy after chemoembolization or combined with chemotherapy.
- A clinical trial of new targeted therapy drugs.
- A clinical trial of immunotherapy.
- A clinical trial of immunotherapy combined with targeted therapy.
- A clinical trial of stereotactic body radiation therapy or proton-beam radiation therapy.
Today, when people are diagnosed with cancer, they usually receive the same treatment as others who have the same type and stage of cancer. Even so, different people may respond differently, and, until recently, doctors didn’t know why. After decades of research, scientists now understand that patients’ tumors have genetic changes that cause cancer to grow and spread. They have also learned that the changes that occur in one person’s cancer may not occur in others who have the same type of cancer. And, the same cancer-causing changes may be found in different types of cancer.
Precision medicine helps doctors select treatments that are most likely to help patients based on a genetic understanding of their disease. In Precision Medicine, patients that share the same genetic changes (mutations) receive the same medicine or treatment. Using those genetic changes, health care providers can provide more precise treatment is known as precision medicine.
Precision medicine hopes that treatments will one day be tailored to the genetic changes in each person’s cancer. Scientists see a future when genetic tests will help decide which treatments a patient’s tumor is most likely to respond to, sparing the patient from receiving treatments that are not likely to help. Research studies are going on now to test whether treating patients with treatments that target the cancer-causing genetic changes in their tumors, no matter where cancer develops in the body, will help them. Many of these treatments are drugs known as targeted therapies. There are drugs that have been proven effective against cancers with specific genetic changes and are approved by the FDA.
If there is a targeted drug or other treatment approved for your type of cancer, the patient will likely be tested to see if the genetic change targeted by the treatment is present in his or her cancer. For instance, people with melanoma, some leukemias, and breast, lung, colon, and rectal cancers usually have their cancers tested for certain genetic changes when they are diagnosed. Since additional genetic changes that can drive cancer may occur over time, you might also have your cancer tested if it comes back or gets worse. If there is not an approved targeted treatment for your type of cancer, you still may be tested for genetic changes. For instance, your cancer may be tested to see if you can join a precision medicine clinical trial.
Researchers have not yet discovered all the genetic changes that can cause cancer to develop, grow, and spread. But, they are making progress and discover new changes every day. Information from this research is being collected in databases where researchers from across the country can access the data and use them in their own studies. This sharing of data helps move the field of precision medicine forward. Researchers are also working to understand and solve the problem of drug resistance that can limit how well targeted therapies work. Many researchers believe that precision medicine is the key to unlocking these secrets.
The information contained on this website is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any questions or concerns about your health, you should always consult a qualified healthcare professional. Cannabidiol (CBD) and other cannabis plant constituents should not be used as a substitute for conventional medical care. CBD and other cannabis plant constituents may interfere with medical treatment.
PDQ® Adult Treatment Editorial Board. PDQ Adult Primary Liver Cancer Treatment. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Updated <07/02/2019>. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/liver/patient/adult-liver-treatment-pdq. Accessed <12/11/2019>. [PMID: 26389251]